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Introduction

Kalburgi (Gulbarga) is a town in the Indian state of Karnataka. It is the administrative headquarters of Gulbarga District, and of Gulbarga Division. On the occasion of "SUVARNA KARNATAKA" the Gulbarga city was named as "KALBURGI".Gulbarga district is border of Maharastra and Andra Pradesh. Gulbarga is 613 km north of Bangalore.

Gulbarga is served by a major rail line and is well connected by trains to all major parts of INDIA. Gulbarga is one of the largest tur producing areas in the State and has the largest dal mills.

Gulbarga is a Divisional Head Quarters for the four Districts viz., Bidar, Bellary, Raichur, and Gulbarga. it is a Major District and VI big City of karnataka, and is a seat of Gulbarga University. The City is major trade center and Administrative center.The Gulbarga Fort built byBahamani's is a famous monument attracting large number of tourists.

History

Gulbarga was the capital of the Bahamani Kingdom which ruled this region. It witnessed a lot of turmoil in the early medieval period. In the 17th century, it was annexed by Aurangzeb, the last great Mughal ruler and inducted into the Mughal Empire. In the 18th century, Gulbarga came under the erstwhile rulers of Hyderabad. Gulbarga was the capital of the Bahamani Kingdom which ruled this region.

A Hindu city before the Muhammadan conquest, Gulbarga is a unique synthesis of two cultures. When Bahman Shah ascended the throne of Daulatabad, it was this city that he chose as his capital. He filled it with beautiful places, mosques, stately buildings and bazaars. he later rulers added to Bahman shah's vision and Gulbarga blossomed.

Location & Climate

Gulbarga is located in the northeastern part of the state of Karnataka, in the southern region of India. It is 663 km from Bangalore city and 214 km from Hyderabad city. Some of the trains from Bangalore to Delhi and Mumbai pass through Gulbarga.The climate of Gulbarg is temperate with summers (April-June) being moderately hot and winters are cool (November-February). It experiences southwestern monsoon rains in the months of May to July.

Best Time to Visit

The best time to visit Gulbarga is between October and March.


 Route to Reach

By Air
The nearest airport is Hyderabad(220 Kms).In Karnataka, Bangalore connects to all major cities of India.
By Rail
Gulbarga is connected by rail to Bangalore, Bombay and Hyderabad.
By Road
Gulbarga is connected by road to most places in south and west India.
Some of these are:

  • Hyderabad(220 Kms)
  • Bangalore(600 Kms)
  • Bijapur(160 Kms)
  • Bidar(120 Kms)
  • Basavakalyan(80 Kms)

KSRTC buses ply from Gulbarga to Bangalore, Bijapur, Bidar, Raichur and Sholapur. Taxis and auto richshaws are available for getting around in the city.

Major Languages spoken are Kannada and English.

Places To Visit

Tourism is a significant revenue-generating sector in Gulbarga. The district's tour de force includes:

Gulbarga Fort : The Fort here was originally built by one Raja Gulchand, a feudatory of the Orangal Kakatiyas, and was rebuilt by Allah-ud-din Bahmani with 15 majestic towers. Inside the fort is the huge wonderful mosque built by Muhammed Bahmani in 1367 and it covers 38,000 sq. feet area. The place has a huge sprawling complex housing the tomb of Bande `Nawaz, the great Sufi Saint, who came to Gulbarga in 1413. His tomb's walls have paintings and a mosque built by the Mughuls is near the tomb.

Other important tourist places are :

Khandar Khan's mosque
Hirapur mosque
Sharana Basaveshwara Temple
Khaja Bandenawaj
Ganagapur
Mantralaya

Hampi (Capital of Vijayanagar Kingdom)

Durgah Library Houses almost 10000 books on Urdu, Persian and Arabic.

Around Gulbarga (Distances from Gulbarga)
Jevargu: Jevargu is a popular Jain pilgrim center, about 40 kms from Gulbarga. It is situated on the bank of the Bhima River and has many Jain basadis.

Humnabad: 52 kms from Bidar, is a famous pilgrim center. It attracts thousands of devotees during the Veerabhadreshwara jatra, held for 7 days during Jan-Feb.

Narayanapura Dam: It is 120 kms from Gulbarga. The Krishna River cascades down here and is known as the Jaladurga Falls.

Surrounding to Gulbarga is Bijapur & Bidar.

Culture & People

Gulbarga is a unique synthesis of two cultures. The fort of Gulbarga is an amazing structure, with 15 towers and 26 guns. Inside the fort, is the Jama Masjid, fashioned on the lines of the famous mosque of Cardova in Spain. Sri Sharanabasaveshwar Temple and the Khwaja Bande Nawaz form the pilgrimage for Hindu and Muslims respectively. Gulbarga has a university with medical and engineering colleges. Agriculture is the main source of income here.

Where To Stay

We offer excellent accommodation facilities in and around Gulbarga. Karnataka State Tourism Development Corporation runs the Hotel Mayura Bahamani here. Most of the hotels are on the main Station Road.

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Conclusion

The beautiful Gulbarga, the erstwhile capital of Bahman shah and a splendid amalgam of Hindu and Muslim culture is located in the northern extreme of Karnataka.

Gulbarga is a Divisional Head Quarters for the four Districts viz., Bidar, Bellary, Raichur, and Gulbarga. it is a Major District and VI big City of karnataka, and is a seat of Gulbarga University. The City is major trade center and Administrative center.

 

 

 
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