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DEHRADOON
Beginning | Position | Route | History | Heritage | Excursions | Stay


The Beginning

Nestled in the mountain ranges of the Himalayas, Dehradun is the capital of Uttaranchal. It is one of the most beautiful resorts in the sub mountain tracks of India, known for its scenic surroundings. The name Dehradun is a collection of two words "dera" meaning camp and " dun" meaning valley.Situated on the threshold of a world full of adventure, spiritualism and tranquility, amidst the Shivalik ranges, the foothills of Himalayas, Dehra Dun is an entry point for all the trekkers and mountaineers onto their journey into the Garhwal Himalayas.Dehradun is the gateway to many other places of tourist interest like Mussoorie, Haridwar, Rishikesh, Badrinath, Kedarnath, Gangotri, Yamunotri.Doon Valley finds its place between the two most important rivers of India Ganga and Yamuna, and is a dream destination.

The posh city of Dehradun is one of the most developed cities of India. It is the state capital and is also the home of many government institutions. The center of city's activities is the popular landmark known as the Clock-Tower (Ghanta-ghar), which is a tall structures with 55 functioning clocks. It is favoured tourist destination as it attracts tourists, pilgrims and enthusiasts from various walks of life to its serene environs.

 

The Position

Dehradoon is situated in the north Indian state of Uttaranchal around 235 km from Delhi. It is nestled between the Himalayan foothills to the north and the Shivaliks to the South. Dehradun is situated at an altitude of 2,200 ft in the Doon Valley between two of the most important rivers in India, the Ganga and Yamuna. The town offers breathtaking scenery. Dehradun is the administrative centre of the hill region of Uttaranchal and the capital of the new hill state that has been carved out of Uttar Pradesh.


Route to Reach

The city of Dehradoon is well connected to other cities of north India by rail, road, and air.

BY ROAD - Dehradoon is well connected to other cities of Uttaranchal and Delhi with regular bus services. Distances of some major cities from Dehradoon are Agra 381 km, Calcutta 1562 km, Chennai 2365 km, Delhi 235 km, Jaipur 493 km, Lucknow 582 km, and Mumbai 1578 km. We would provide you all India tourist permit vehicles for the local transportations and also for the intercity drives too.

BY AIR -The nearest airport from Dehradoon is the Jolly Grant around 25 km away, on the outskirts of the town. There is a daily flight from here to Delhi, which is the nearest international airport.

BY RAIL -Dehradoon is a major railhead on the Northern Railway line with direct trains to almost all the metropolitan cities of India and some important tourist destinations in Uttaranchal. The Shatabdi Express is the best option for the tourists coming from Delhi and the other good option is the Mussorie Express. The Dehradoon-Mumbai Express connects the city to Mumbai. There are also trains to Varanasi, Kolkata and Lucknow.

 

 



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Local Transport Services -Private Bus Services, tempos (vikrams), auto rickshaws, tongas, cycle-rickshaws and taxis.

History of Dehradoon

The hill resort of Dehradun has been popular since ages. The British were captivated by the climate of Dehradun and turned it into their residential resort. They also set up several important institutions and schools here.It is known as the land of Shiva, the region where the Hindu mythological heroes Rama and Lakshmana performed penance, and the Pandavas of Mahabharata rested on their way up to the mountains.

Dehradoon is one of the oldest cities in India. In the Vedic times, the Garhwal Mandal, of which Dehradoon is a part, was known as the Kedar Khand. Legend has it that Guru Dronacharaya, a Brahmin teacher of warfare, considered Dehradoon a place fit for meditation & worship and therefore, the valley of Doon was christened Drona Ashram, which means "The Abode of Drona". Perhaps that is why Indian army trains its finest cadets in the Indian Millitary Academy that is situated in this part of the state.

According to the local legend, Dehra or 'camp' refers to Ram Rai, son of Guru Har Rai, the 7th Guru of the Sikhs. The Sikh saint Guru Ram Rai founded a Dera here in the old city close to the railway station, which is a pilgrimage centre for the "Ram Raiyye" Sikhs.Dehradun has now become an important tourist destination.

Cultural Heritage

Dehradun is the place to be in for the nature lovers and the adventure seekers alike. The ski resort at Auli near Dehradun attracts enthusiasts from all over the country and abroad. The resort has skiing facilities like cable car, Ski lift, chair lift, snow-beaters et al. The valley of flowers, Har-ki-Doon, Dodital, and Pindari glacier etc. make excellent trekking routes from Dehradun.Dehradun is a base for trekking and adventure tourism, and many people just stay overnight in the city before heading into the Garhwal Hills.

The hill resort of Dehradun hosts several fairs and festivals. Dehradun celebrates the Jhanda Fair on the fifth day after Holi every year in March/April. The fair honors Guru Ram Rai who arrived in dehradun in 1699 on the same day. He built a gurudwara called Guru Ram Rai Durbar and hoisted his flag on it. The followers come together and the flag is ceremoniously unfurled at the Jhanda Chowk of Dehradun.

The Tapkeshwar temple of Dehradun celebrates the Shivratri fair with much fervor. A fair is held in February to celebrate Shivratri at the Tapkeshwar Temple, 5.5 km from Dehradoon.

The Lakhawar Fair is held at the village of the same name in the months of September-October every year. Many activities are held during the festival like dance, music, and sports competitions.

The Climate

Due to its location in the hilly part of the state, the climate of Dehradoon is salubrious. The spring, lasting from March to April, are very pleasant.During the summer months, the temperature ranges between 36°C and 16.7° C.Summer temperatures rarely go very high.The winter ranges from November to February is cold, temperature touching freezing occasionally.The months of December and January are the coldest due to winter rains, coinciding with snow-fall in the nearby mountains ranges.It can rain at any time of the year, but the monsoons come in full force in July and stay till September.

Excursions in Dehradoon

The hill resort of Dehradun is dotted with places of tourist interest.
Tapkeshwar is a cave temple dedicated to Lord Shiva on the banks of a seasonal river. Here, water falls on a shivling drop by drop from a rock and hence the name Tapkeshwar. It is 5.5 km from the city bus stand and is situated in the Garhi Cantonment area.

Robbers' Cave is 8 km away from the city bus stand and is an ideal picnic spot. Local bus service is available upto Anarwala village, from where the caves are only a kilometer away.

Tapovan is about 5 km from the city bus stand on the Dehradoon-Rajpur Road. The place is situated amidst beautiful surroundings and legend has it that Guru Dronacharaya underwent his penance here.

The Malsi Deer Park is a newly developed tourist spot at the foothills of the Shivalik range. The place is situated about 10 km from Dehradoon on the road leading to Mussorie. A mini-zoo with a children's park and lovely natural surroundings make it an ideal sightseeing cum picnic spot.

The Forest Research Institute here is the biggest forest based product-training institute in India. All Forest Officers in India are trained here.

Kalsi is a historical place with an Ashokan Pillar, which has inscriptions in Devanagari. An Ashokan rock edict built in AD 450 is also situated here.

Sahastradhara Around 14 km from Dehradun is the cold Sulphur water spring called Sahastradhara. The spring is believed to have exceptional medicinal value and the dripping caves and a bath in the Baldi River near the spring are said to rejuvenate the body and soul.

PLACES AROUND DEHRADOON

Clouds End The resort is surrounded by thick deodar forest and is ideally suited for foreigners and honeymooners. The place provides peace and calm and is full of flora and fauna.

Sir George Everest house The place called Park Estate where building & laboratory of first Surveyor General of India Sir George Everest after whom worlds highest peak Mt. Everest is named stills stands.

Triveni Ghat A sacred bathing spot on the bank of the river Ganga where devotees take holy dips and offer prayers. Triveni Ghat is believed to be the confluence of the Ganga, the Yamuna and the legendary Saraswati river.

Lakshman Jhoola A suspension bridge across Ganga situated 5kms.from Rishikesh, on the way to Badrinath. This bridge is the main way for people going up the hills and down to the Gita Bahvan and Swarg Ashram.

Ram Jhoola A suspension bridge between the Shivanand Ashram and the Swargashram.

There are a number of important institutions located in Dehradoon that provide different academic and research facilities. Some of them are the Anthropological Survey of India, Botanical Survey of India, Survey of India, Indian Institute of Petroleum, Rashtriya Indian Military College, Zoological Survey of India, Wildlife Institute of India, Wadia Institute of Himalayan Geology, Indian Institute of Remote Sensing, and Indian Military Academy.


Time to Visit

Dehradun is flocked by tourists all through the year. In summers it is the retreat from the plains and in winters it is the snow-time! You can enjoy the snow in the Garhwal Himalayas during November/December. April to July is the ideal time for a trip to the Doon valley and skip the heat and the dust of the Indian summer in the hill resort of Dehradun.

Languages Spoken

Common communication languages are Hindi and English. Language Garhwali is also used by some people.

Where to Stay

Accommodation is not a problem in Dehradoon.There are several hotels, government guesthouses and dharmshalas that cater to the needs of the tourists to Dehradun. You may pick up your accommodation option are as per your budget. Motel Kwality, Hotel Ambassador, Best Western Madhuban, Great Value Hotel etc are some of the hotels. In case you are planning a trip to Dehradun in the summers, getting advance reservations made for the stay will be better. Since, Dehradun is one of the most popular hill resorts in India, among the locals as well as foreigners.

Conclusion

Founded by Guru Dronacharya, according to the epic of Mahabharata, Dehradun is today one of the most developed cities of India. A gateway to the popular hill station of Mussoorie and the pilgrimage centres of Haridwar and Rishikesh, Dehra Dun boasts of the famous Forest Research Institute and the Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy. Doon Valley finds its place between the two most important rivers of India Ganga and Yamuna, and is a picturesque town with moderate climate and a number of places of tourist interest.A product that has made Dehradun known within India is "Dehradooni basmati rice". Dehradun is also known for Lychee and various educational institutes.

The unhurried lifestyle and moderate climate of Dehradun make it the ideal retirement town!!!

 

 
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